Glossary Search

The glossary contains 242 terms relevant for ethical and inclusive research that were compiled by reviewing existing glossaries of various international agencies (International Organization of Migration, Council of Europe, European Union, etc.), by identifying glossaries published by various research teams (see reviewed by Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Almeida-Filho N: A glossary for health inequalities. J. Epidemiol. Community Health, 56:647-652, 2002), and by defining terms for inclusive research that have not previously been published.
The database contains each item of the glossary in an excel table with the following numbered specifications in columns.

  1. term: exact name of the term
  2. alternative name or indicator group: name of the group to which the item belongs (eg. Laeken-indicators)
  3. description: narrative description of the term
  4. link to or source of description: URL of the document in which the term appears if exist, or URL of the publication in which it appeared
  5. source: source of information as the name of institute or author(s)
  6. publication: title of the source document
  7. year of publication: year in which the source document was published
Term Alternative name or indicator group (anig) Description Link to or source of description (ltd) Source Publication Year of publication

A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Health Organization Constitution of the WHO 1946
Vulnerable groups

Some groups and individuals are particularly vulnerable and may have an increased likelihood of being wronged or of incurring additional harm.

World Medical Association WMA Declaration of Helsinki 1964
Justice in research

The principle of justice gives rise to moral requirements that there be fair procedures and outcomes in the selection of research subjects.

The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research The Belmont Report 1978
Individual justice in research

Individual justice in the selection of subjects requires that researchers exhibit fairness, thus, they should not offer potentially beneficial research to only some patients who are in favor or select only 'undesirable' persons for risky research.

The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research The Belmont Report 1978
Health inequity

referred in an earlier conceptual document to those inequalities in health that are deemed to be unfair or stemming from some form of injustice

M. Whitehead The concepts and principles of equity and health 1991

Minorities as based on national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity, and provides that States should protect their existence. There is no internationally agreed definition as to which groups constitute minorities. It is often stressed that the existence of a minority is a question of fact and that any definition must include both objective factors (such as the existence of a shared ethnicity, language or religion) and subjective factors (including that individuals must identify themselves as members of a minority).

United Nations Minorities under international law 1992
Equity in health

Equity means fairness. Equity in health means that people’s needs guide the distribution of opportunities for well-being.

World Health Organization Health Promotion Glossary 1998
Healthy public policy

Healthy public policy is characterized by an explicit concern for health and equity in all areas of policy, and by an accountability for health impact. The main aim of healthy public policy is to create a supportive environment to enable people to lead healthy lives. Such a policy makes healthy choices possible or easier for citizens. It makes social and physical environments health enhancing.

World Health Organization Health Promotion Glossary 1998
Sustainable development

Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (WCED 1987). It incorporates many elements, and all sectors, including the health sector, which must contribute to achieve it.

World Health Organization Health Promotion Glossary 1998
Social networks

Social relations and links between individuals which may provide access to or mobilization of social support for health.

World Health Organization Health Promotion Glossary 1998